Schizoid Personality Disorder Diagnostic Criteria

Under the ICD approach, the formal diagnosis of schizoid personality disorder rests on these symptoms, which can be evaluated by psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. Also see the separate section on “DSM Approach to Schizophrenia”, which includes a page on the DSM approach to schizoid personality disorder.

Schizoid Personality Disorder According to the ICD-10

The following information is reproduced verbatim from the ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders, World Health Organization, Geneva, 1992. (Since the WHO updates the overall ICD on a regular basis, individual classifications within it may or may not change from year to year; therefore, you should always check directly with the WHO to be sure of obtaining the latest revision for any particular individual classification.)

F60.1 Schizoid Personality Disorder

Personality disorder characterized by at least 3 of the following:

  1. few, if any, activities, provide pleasure;
  2. emotional coldness, detachment or flattened affectivity;
  3. limited capacity to express either warm, tender feelings or anger towards others;
  4. apparent indifference to either praise or criticism;
  5. little interest in having sexual experiences with another person (taking into account age);
  6. almost invariable preference for solitary activities;
  7. excessive preoccupation with fantasy and introspection;
  8. lack of close friends or confiding relationships (or having only one) and of desire for such relationships;
  9. marked insensitivity to prevailing social norms and conventions.

Excludes:

  • Asperger’s Syndrome
  • Delusional Disorder
  • Schizoid Disorder of Childhood
  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizotypal Disorder

Diagnostic Guidelines

Please see the separate set of notes which apply to all personality disorders in the ICD-10 system of classification: ICD Notes Common to the Diagnostic Criteria for Each Personality Disorder.

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Our material is not intended as a substitute for direct consultation with a qualified mental health professional. Please seek professional advice if you are experiencing any mental health concern.

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