Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

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Learn more about the diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) — sometimes called ‘attention deficit disorder’ (ADD) — and how it is approached differently by the DSM and the ICD.

The ICD and the DSM differ in their approach to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with the former dubbing it a hyperkinetic disorder (“ADD and ADHD: ICD-10 Criteria for Hyperkinesis”) and the latter opting for the broader classification of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (“ADD and ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms”).

For more information on the differences between the two approaches, and one physician’s take on some of the myths surrounding the disorder in Europe, see Kewley (1998).

Also see our separate set of screening tests for Adult ADHD. Common drug treatments for ADHD include traditional medications such as Strattera, while other new approaches to treatment which may particularly benefit children who are unable to tolerate stimulants include the use of antihypertensives, such as guanfacine.

All clinical material on this site is peer reviewed by one or more qualified mental health professionals. This specific article was originally published by on and was last reviewed or updated by Dr Greg Mulhauser, Managing Editor on .

Our material is not intended as a substitute for direct consultation with a qualified mental health professional. Please seek professional advice if you are experiencing any mental health concern.

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